Monitoring and Evaluation Programs

While there is significant potential for Water Funds to provide benefits to investors, communities, and nature, these benefits are not guaranteed by the creation of a Water Fund. Clear goals and monitoring data are the foundation through which science-based, sound investments are made and validated.

Why do we monitor Water Funds?

  • To track scope and efficiency of implementation of interventions and adaptively manage projects

    We monitor Water Funds to observe, record, compare, track, discover, and adaptively manage the projects we are implementing (often referred to as Implementation Monitoring). You may learn new ideas without monitoring, but cannot monitor without learning.

  • Test effectiveness of interventions

    Alongside the implementation of pilot projects, monitoring is critical for testing the effectiveness of interventions through approaches such as edge of field monitoring.

  • To measure progress towards our goals

    We monitor Water Funds to achieve our goals / outcomes (often referred to as Impact Monitoring). Clear goals and monitoring data are the foundation through which science-based, sound investments are made and validated.

  • To establish credibility and transparency with key stakeholders

    Financial supporters require regular reports on returns of investment and progress, participating communities require evidence of the proposed benefits, and Water Fund managers require information to strengthen models and adapt management practices to changing environmental and socioeconomic conditions. Accordingly, robust monitoring programs are essential for validating that a given Water Fund is generating the environmental, economic, and social impacts it was designed to produce and to identify challenges and adapt the approach to address them.

  • Why is linking monitoring results to decision-making important?

    Jorge Sarmiento Léon from The Nature Conservancy describes the role of monitoring in decision-making

  • Can you share a few examples of the types of monitoring that are currently being implemented in Water Funds?

    Jonathan Higgins from The Nature Conservancy shares a few examples of existing WF M&E programs


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